首页 | 网站地图
首页 > 社會學 > 城市社會學文選

城市社會學文選


图书基本信息
出版时间:2006-7
出版时间:復旦大學
作者:于海
页数:334
书名:城市社會學文選
封面图片
城市社會學文選
前言
  本書為西方城市理論文選,除少數文獻發表于本世紀,絕大部分文獻產生于過去不久的世紀,反映西方城市理論過去一百年的主要學派、源流和分析範式。本書可作為城市社會學、城市管理、城市規劃、城市設計、城市社區發展、建築學等專業本科生與研究生的英語教材,並可作為一種城市經典讀本,適于一切與城市發展、管理、規劃及城市文化有關的專業人士。  一、歐洲社會的城市化與城市社會學的興起  城市並非現代現象,人類最早的城市比任何有文字記載的歷史更為久遠。城市與人類文明歷史相伴隨,文明(civilization)一詞的拉丁詞源(civis)的意思就是市民或城市的居住者。中東兩河流域之間被稱作“新月沃地”的充足可靠的水源為定居農業提供了適宜的環境,進而分化出手工業和貿易,由此孕育出最初的城市。古代幾大文明都有其代表性的偉大城市,但其主體並非城市,城市文明至多可說是被汪洋大海的農業文明包圍的孤島。羅馬帝國晚期的民族大遷徙到處摧毀古代的一城市,城市文明大大倒退,直到中世紀中晚期,舊城市再見積極和活躍,新城市復如雨後春筍勃然而興。文明的城市化是現代進程,而城市社會理論也是地道的現代性學問。吉登斯認定歐洲社會學誕生的背景是18世紀末的法國政治革命和英國的產業革命這兩大革命,歐洲社會學的基本概念,是對舊制度因遭工業文明和民主政治的打擊而崩潰所產生的秩序問題的各種反應ヾ。工業文明與民主政治乃是現代城市的兩大核心制度,分別代表了新的經濟形態和新的政治架構,可以說現代社會學的興起實源于近代城市化運動。在此意義上,社會學理論實在是以現代城市研究為主要內容和向度,美國社會學的第一個本土傳統“芝加哥學派”就是美國的城市社會學。這雖然是一個特殊例子,但證諸滕尼斯、西美爾、涂爾干等古典社會學家的工作,其“Gemeinschaft”(禮俗社會)和“Gesellschaft”(法理社會)、“都市及精神生活”、“社會分工”與“失範”等概念,無不與城市現象與城市過程密切相關,便知現代社會學研究的“城市社會學化”並非偶然現象。
内容概要
本書為西方城市理論文選,選錄了過去 100年歐美最重要的城市理論流派和分析範式,按學科史進程,包括第一個經典的城市社會學芝加哥學派、主要發源于歐洲的城市政治經濟學學派、興起于全球化時代的洛杉礬學派等。按研究領域,涉及城市生活方式、城市規劃、城市社會問題、城市空間設計、城市可持續發展等。所選文獻既有城市社會學的奠基之作、馬克思主義傳統的經典文本、各式典範的建築與規劃學說,還包括新近十年來正大領風騷的種種新潮學說。本文選旨在為中國的城市研究提供“他山之石”,進而對中國城市的規劃和建設發揮積極功用。本書可作為城市社會學、城市管理、城市規劃、城市設計、城市社區發展、建築學等專業本科生與研究生的英語教材,並可作為一種城市經典讀本,適于一切與城市發展、管理、規劃及城市文化有關的專業人士。
作者简介
于海,復旦大學社會學系教授
书籍目录
AcknowledgementsA Century of Urban Theory in the West:西方城市理論一百年(代序言)1. Georg Simmel: The Metropolis and Mental Life2. Robert Ezra Park: Human Ecology3. Ernest W. Burgess: The Growth of the City4. Louis Wirth: Urbanism as a Way of Life5. Le Corbusier: A Contemporary City6. Lewis Mumford: What is a City?7. Kevin Lynch: The City Image and Its Elements8. Jane Jacobs: The Uses of Sidewalks: Safety9. Manuel Castells: Toward a Sociological Theory of City Planning10. Henri Lefebvre: Space is a Social Product11. David Harvey:Contested Cities: Social Process and Spatial Form12. William Julius Wilson: From Institutional to Jobless Ghettos13. William H. Whyte: The Design of Spaces14. John Forester: Planning in the Face of Conflict15. Ali Madanipour: Social Exclusion and Space16. Robert D. Putnam: Bowling Alone: America?s Declining Social Capital17. Andres Duany and Elizabeth Plater?Zyberk: The Neighborhood, the District, and the Corridor18. Saskia Sassen: Impact of the New Technologies and Globalization on Cities19. Edward Soja: Taking Los Angeles Apart: Towards a Postmodern Geography20. Stephen Wheeler: Planning Sustainable and Livable Cities21. Matthew Carmona et al: The Social Dimension of Urban Design22. Richard Florida: The Rise of the Creative ClassAftenword後記
章节摘录
  From this standpoint, we have to take very seriously the notion.., that space and time are not simply constituted by but are also constitutive of social processes. This is also true for the urban. The urban and the city are not simply constituted by social processes, they are constitutive of them. We have to understand that dialectic in order to appreciate how urbanization is constructed and produces all of these thing-like configurations which we call cities -- with political orgaization, social organization and physical structures. We have to appreciate better the centrality of that moment of urban construction, which is fundamental to how the social process operates. In exactly the same way, we have to take seriously the idea of that moment of construction of spatio-temporality, which then defines how the system itself will operate. From this standpoint, it is possible to reposition the urban as fundamental in contemporary debates. At the same time we transform our notion of urbanization. We would abandon the view of the urban as simply a site or a container of social action in favour of the idea that it is, in itself, a set of conflictual heterogeneous processes which are producing spatio-temporalities as well as producing things, structures and permanencies in ways which constrain the nature of the social process. Social processes, in giving rise to things, create the things which then enhance the nature of those particular social processes.  One outcome may be that we find ourselves stuck for a very long time with a particular kind of social process. An example would be nuclear power. Once nuclear power stations exist all sorts of things follow. If a nuclear power station goes on the blink, can you imagine calling a town meeting to discuss democratically what to do about it? The answer is no, you cant. In these circumstances, we are immediately driven back to the realms of expert knowledge and expert decision-making. So a thing has been created which for as long as it lasts -- which is going to be a very long time -- is by its very nature going to be basically undemocratic in terms of the sort of social process that supports it. Here is a social process that has defined a certain spatio- temporality for the next 10,000 years, which in tum implies perpetuation of a certain kind of social order if it is not to unravel in highly destructive ways.
PDF格式资源下载

 

 


 
社會科學 PDF/TXT下载|社科圖書网 @ 2017