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進化心理學家如是說


图书基本信息
出版时间:2011-8-1
出版时间:北京大學
作者:王曉田//甦彥捷
页数:373
书名:進化心理學家如是說
封面图片
進化心理學家如是說
内容概要
  《進化心理學家如是說》作為上世紀最後20年興起的一場思想與學術運動,已經對西方心理學以及整個行為與人文科學研究產生了重大影響。《進化心理學家如是說》中我們從美國、歐洲、日本等國邀請了近40位進化心理學界的知名學者與中國的讀者對話,總結他(她)們各自研究的心路歷程,簡介各自最重要的學術成果。展望今後的研究方向和向臨的挑戰。我們希望通過《進化心理學家如是說》中學者們的集體智慧,幫助中國年輕的心理學生力軍探索心理與行為的功能與機制,帶動心理科學的發展。
书籍目录
1.Basic Issues in Evolutionary Psychology
1.1 The Emergence of EvolutionaryPsychoh)gy: Contributing to a
Scientific Revolution
1.2How Evolutionary Thinking Inspires and Disciplines
1.3 Evolutionary Psychok)gy in the Round
1.4 Fundamental Motives,
Deep Rationality, and the Coloring Book Mind
1.5 The Emergent Mind
1.6 The Sociology of Evolutionary Psychology
2.Evolutionary Social Psychology)
2.1 Design of the Mind: Some Uses of Evolutionary Theory in Social
Psychology
2.2 Biah Order, Family Niches, and Evolutionary Psychology
2.3 An Introduction and Dialogue from a Chinese-American
Evolutionary Social Psychologist
2.4 atnral Selection, Sexual Selection,Kin Selection: Psychological
Research Using an Evolutionary
Perspective
2.5 Human Kin Detection
2.6 The Psychology of Intergroup Prejudice as a Natural Phenomenon
Evolutionary Cognitive and Developmental Psycholog3
3.1Three Evolutionary
Hypotheses about How Numerical Formats Fit with the Design of the
Human Mind
3.2 I From Social Exchange to Safety: Further Explorations of
Adaptive Reasoning
3.3An Evolutionary Analysis of the Concept of Memory Systems
3.4 On Becoming an Evolutionary-Developmental Psychologist
——'
3.5 A Brief Narrative on Development, Subconscious Processes,
Mating Behaviour, and History of Evolutionary Psychology
4.Evolutionary Psychology of Decision Making and Organizational
Management
4.1 The Science of Heuristics: Decision Making in an Uncertain
World '"
4.2 The Simple Path to Evolutionary Psychology
4.3 Evolutionary Psychology of Decision Making at Risk
4.4 Evolutionary Social Psychology: A Function Based Approach to
Understanding Social Behavior
4.5 An Evolutionary Organizational Psychology: An Organizational
Psychologist's Journey
5.Evolutionary Psychology of Cultureand Intelligence︰
6.Sharing Experiences and Envisioning the Future
參考文獻
章节摘录
版权页:插图:People are increasingly confronted with situations in their lives that require themto notice,understand,and use numbers——not only in simple ways but also in mathe-matically sophisticated ways(consider mortgage rates,sales discounts,medical testresults.political debates about tax rates,and stock market performances).This es-say opened with a story about the unfortunate accidental overdose of the Quaid's ba'bies.An evolutionary perspective on how people understand numbers can help US tounderstand——and hopefully avoid in the future——such incidents.Our minds are de-signed to work better with numbers that refer to quantities of objects,events,and 10。cations.This leads US to expect that larger numbers entail physically larger(or tem-porally longer)events.But vials of medicine can be the same size regardless of dos-age,violating this intuition.This suggests that,aside from color or labeling changes,vials of different dosages should actually be proportionally sized with larger doses be'ing in larger vials.Successful living in the modelTl world requires not only literacy in the sense of being able to read,but a competency in working with numbers——numerical literacy.At the same time,we need to recognize that understanding this wide range of numberforillats is not alwayrs intuitive and there are ways to make it easier(or harder)forpeople to understand numerical information.Difficulties in understanding numbers is not always just a matter of lack of training or lack of effort;there are very real and dcumentable dispositions within the human mind regarding how one thinks about quantitative information.An evolutionary perspective helps elucidate the conditions under which numerical understanding can be improved by providing appropriate in'puts.
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《進化心理學家如是說》由北京大學出版社出版。
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