Language︰An Introduction to the Study of Speech Language and culture,Sapir contends,are separate from each other,Contrary to conventional belief,language is not an expression of "national temperament,"or of racial or geograhic influences,and is not an inherited skill. Against thisgeneral background,Professor Sapir analyzes,for student and common reader,the elements of language. Among these are the units of language (i.e.,the word with its "radical" and "grammatical" parts),grammatical concepts and their origins,how languages differ and resemble one another,and the history of the growth of representative languages. Written more than fifty years ago,language stands as one of the clearest and most comprehensive surveys of its subject in English.
Preface by Halliday王宗炎序Preface by Chomsky沈家 序導讀Chapter 1 The Study of LanguageChapter 2 The Use of LanguageChapter 3 Speech-CommunitiesChapter 4 The Languages of the WorldChapter 5 The phonemeChapter 6 Types of PhonmesChapter 7 MosificationsChapter 8 Phonetic StructureChapter 9 MeaningChapter 10 Grammatical FormsChapter 11 Sentence-TypesChapter 12 SynetaxChapter 13 MorphologyChapter 14 Morphologic TypesChapter 15 SubstitutionChapter 16 Form-Classes and LexiconChapter 17 Written RecordsChapter 18 The Comparative MethodChapter 19 Dialect GeographyChapter 20 Phonetic ChangeChapter 21 Types of Phonetic ChangeChapter 22 Fluctuation in the Frequency of FormsChapter 23 Analogic ChangeChapter 24 Semantic ChangeChapter 25 Cultural BorrowingChapter 26 Intimate BorrowingChapter 27 Dialect BorrowingChapter 28 Applications and OutlookNotesBibligrathyTable of Phonetic Symbols文庫索引Chapter 29
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