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第二語言習得研究與外語學習


图书基本信息
出版时间:2004-4-1
出版时间:上海外語教育出版社
作者:丁言仁
页数:256
书名:第二語言習得研究與外語學習
封面图片
第二語言習得研究與外語學習
内容概要
  第二語言習得研究短短四十年的發展歷史卻集中了眾多跨學科研究領域內學者們激烈的討論,其中包括有關第二語言的習得過程,限制這一過程的外因與內因,以及第二語言教與學的關系、實現方法等。.  在這本專著里,作者針對國內第二語言教學中存在的問題以及教師、學生對這一學科在理論與實踐方面的疑惑,重點選擇了與此相關且極具影響力的某些理論和假說,就其產生原因、在學科中的地位和作用、之間的相互關系、對教學的啟迪等問題進行了深入淺出、精闢生動的闡述與分析。..  *用詞簡明生動,卻能夠歸納和闡述像喬姆斯基那樣晦澀難懂的語言理論。  *圖形、圖表、測試和練習等多種形式的應用使理論形象化,幫助讀者擺脫枯燥的說理,強化理解。  *科學的分析方法,通過采取對不同理論進行橫縱對比、對同一理論進行正反對比,避免了以偏概全。  *吸取最新研究成果,尤其是青年學者活躍思想的結晶于自己的見解、看法之中兩者絲絲入扣,相得益彰。...
书籍目录
chapter one puzzles in sla . 1.1 a recent acronym 1.2 sla as a field of learning 1.3 issues for exploration 1.3.1 description 1.3.2 explanation 1.3.2.1 external factors 1.3.2.2 internal factors 1.4 the organization of this book 1.5 the use of this book chapter two the influence of behaviorism 2.1 the "interference" of l1 2.1.1 pronunciation 2.1.2 syntax 2.1.3 semantics and pragmatics 2.2 the behaviorist understanding of sla 2.2.1 "rat psychology" 2.2.2 the audio-lingual method 2.3 contrastive analysis 2.3.1 its strong form and weak form .2.3.2 decline in popularity 2.4 criticism from empirical research 2.5 conclusion chapter three the "chomskyan revolution" 3.1 introduction 3.2 chomskyan linguistics 3.2.1 response to behaviorism 3.2.2 abc of universal grammar 3.2.3 the innateness hypothesis 3.2.4 the hypothesis-testing hypothesis 3.2.5 a simple chronology 3.3 criticisms of chomskyan linguistics 3.3.1 piaget's debate with chomsky 3.3.2 the criticisms that never go away 3.4 interlanguage hypothesis 3.4.1 the coining of the word 3.4.2 insights from fla research 3.5 error analysis chapter four natural order and comprehensible input 4.1 introduction 4.2 natural order hypothesis 4.3 morpheme studies and their findings 4.3.1 finding the acquisition sequence 4.3.2 some specific findings 4.3.3 pienemann's study 4.4 problems with error analysis and morpheme studies 4.5 comprehensible input hypothesis 4.5.1 the "i+1" theory 4.5.2 flaws in krashen chapter five variability in performance and acquisition 5.1 introduction 5.2 variability in l1 use 5.2.1 labor vs. chomsky 5.2.2 social dialects of new yorkers 5.3 variability in l2 learner language 5.3.1 rod ellis study (1987) 5.3.2 foster and skehan study (1996) 5.4 role of variability in sla 5.5 learner variation 5.5.1 age 5.5.2 cognitive style 5.5.3 personality 5.5.4 attitudes and motivation 5.5.5 aptitude 5.6 research into the origin of aptitude︰ a conclusion chapter six input and interaction 6.1 introduction 6.2 terminology 6.3 input and interaction in l1 acquisition 6.4 input and interaction in natural settings 6.4.1 foreigner talk 6.4.2 the ft controversy 6.4.3 ways of meaning negotiation 6.5 input and interaction in classroom settings .. 6.6 effects of input and interaction on sla 6.6.1 the frequency hypothesis 6.6.2 the vertical constructions 6.6.3 the learning of formulaic sequences 6.6.4 the interaction hypothesis 6.7 criticism of the interaction hypothesis 6.8 swain's output hypothesis 6.9 empirical studies on the role of interaction 6.9.1 studies by rod ellis et al. (1994, 1995) 6.9.2 the lyster and ranta study (1997) chapter seven learner strategies 7.1 introduction 7.2 difficulty with definition 7.3 production strategies 7.3.1 planning and monitoring 7.3.2 the strategy of using formulaic language 7.4 communication strategies 7.4.1 achievement strategies 7.4.2 reduction strategies 7.4.3 some comments 7.5 learning strategies 7.6 the role of memorization strategies chapter eight noticing the native spearer selection 8.1 introduction 8.2 the noticing hypothesis 8.2.1 background 8.2.2 explaining the "wes phenomenon" 8.2.3 the use of compensatory strategy 8.3 effects of the noticing hypothesis 8.3.1 the role of instruction 8.3.2 impact on empirical research 8.4 noticing the native speaker selection 8.5 a new model of language chapter nine developing l2 literacy︰ reading 9.1 introduction 9.2 mainstream approaches to literacy development 9.2.1 reading by ear or by eye 9.2.2 the bottom-up model 9.2.3 the top-down model 9.2.4 the interactive model 9.2.5 influence on l2 reading instruction 9.3 post-modernist approaches︰ recent development 9.3.1 critical literacy 9.3.2 reader-response theory 9.4 reading for meaning vs. reading for l2 learning chapter ten developing l2 literacy︰ writing 10.1 introduction 10.2 l2 writing. process and product approaches 10.3 l2 writing as compared to l1 writing 10.4 the bandwagon of contrastive rhetoric 10.4.1 culture-dependent "thought patterns" 10.4.2 problems with the research 10.4.3 causes of l2 rhetorical problems 10.4.4 attraction to learners and teachers 10.5 developing l2 literacy skills 10.5.1 inadequacy of the pipeline model 10.5.2 writing as reader references index ...
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